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Citation Style Guide   Tags: apa, bibliographies, chicago, citations, mla, style_guide, works_cited  

This guide provides citation and bibliography assistance. Includes APA, MLA, and Chicago style examples.
Last Updated: Apr 15, 2014 URL: http://nyu.libguides.com/citations Print Guide RSS UpdatesEmail Alerts

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Citing Sources in APA style and Managing References

Click here for the locations of the physical copies available in the library:

Citing PRINT Sources, APA

For examples not listed here, see print version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed,
at the 1st floor reference center or the Reserves Desk at call number BF76.7.P83 2010.

Reference Type

In Reference List
In-Text Citation
Book: 1 Author

Batavia, M. (2006). Contraindications in physical rehabilitation: Doing no harm. St. Louis, MO: Saunders Elsevier.

 

(Batavia, 2006)
Book: 3 to 6 Authors

Hoskins, C. N., Haber, J., & Budin, W. C. (2001). Breast cancer: Journey to recovery. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

(Hoskins, Haber, & Budin, 2001) first citation

(Hoskins et al., 2001) subsequent citations

Book: Editor, Translator, or Compiler (instead of author)

Mezey, M. D. (Ed.). (2001). The encyclopedia of elder care: The comprehensive resource on geriatric and social care. New York: Springer Publishing Company.

 

(Mezey, 2001)
Book: Chapter, Introduction, Preface, Foreword, Afterword, Encyclopedia Entry

Mitty, E. L. (2001). Assisted living. In M. D. Mezey (Ed.), The encyclopedia of elder care: The comprehensive resource on geriatric and social care (pp. 73-75). New York: Springer Publishing Company.

 

(Mitty, 2001)
Journal Article, 1 Author

Rosenfeld, P. (2005). Women in green: The contributions of Hadassah nursing to immigrant and refugee health in pre-state and the early years of the State of Israel. Nursing History Review, 13, 101-119.

 

(Rosenfeld, 2005)
Journal Article, 2 Authors

Collard, S., & Tempelman-Kluit, N. (2006). The other way in: Goal-based library content through CMS. Internet Reference Services Quarterly, 11(4), 55-68.

 

(Collard & Tempelman-Kluit, 2006)
Journal Article, 3-7 Authors

Jacobs, J., Kahana, M. J., Ekstrom, A. D., & Fried, I. (2007). Brain oscillations control timing of single-neuron activity in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience, 27(14), 3839-3844.

(Jacobs, Kahana, Ekstrom, & Fried, 2007) first citation

(Jacobs et al., 2007) subsequent citations

Popular Magazine Article

Hertzberg, H. (2008, December). Eight is enough. The New Yorker, 84(39), 27.

 

(Hertzberg, 2008)
Newspaper Article, 1 author

Rich, F. (2008, November 9). It still felt good the morning after. The New York Times, p. WK9.

 

(Rich, 2008)
Newspaper Article, no author

If you were stranded on an island. (2008, September 30). The New York Times, p. F5.

 

("If you were stranded," 2008)
ERIC document

McNulty, T. (Ed.). (1999). Accessible libraries on campus: A practical guide for the creation of disability-friendly libraries. Chicago, IL: Association of College and Research Libraries. (ED433805)

(McNulty, 1999)
Book Review

Zbar, R. I. S. (1995). Autobiography of a face [Review of the book Autobiography of a face, by L. Grealy]. The New England Journal of Medicine, 333(14), 949.

 

(Zbar, 1995)
Thesis or Dissertation

Kitzmiller, E. M. (2012). The roots of educational inequality: Germantown high school, 1907--2011. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

 

(Kitzmiller, 2012)
Conference or Meeting Paper

Peters, H. M. (2002). Milton S. Hershey - one of a kind, founder of the Hershey Chocolate Company. Abstracts of papers of the American Chemical Society, 223, U367.

 

(Peters, 2002)
Audiovisual Materials

Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Producer), & Wise, R. (Director). (2000). The sound of music [Motion Picture]. USA: Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment.

 

(Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation & Wise, 2000)
Statute

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 42 U.S.C. § 18001 (2010).

OR

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 42 U.S.C. § 18001 et seq. (2010).

(EXPLANATION: 42 is the title number, 18001 is the first section of the law. "et seq." means the act includes other sections that follow the initial section.   Cited is the 2010 edition of the Code.)

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (2010)

OR

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

      

    Citing ELECTRONIC Sources, APA

    For examples not listed here, see print version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed,
    at the 1st floor reference center or the Reserves Desk at call number BF76.7.P83 2010. 

    Supplement, APA Style Guide to Electronic References, is available (NYU only).

    Reference Type

    In Reference List

    In-Text Citation

    Web Page

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014, April 2). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/

     

    (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014)

    Web Page, undated

    Dvoretsky, D. P. (n.d.). History: Pavlov Institute of Physiology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved January 27, 2007, from http://www.infran.ru/history_eng.htm

      

    (Dvoretsky, n.d.)

    Online video

    BioScience Laboratories  (2009, July 22). BioScience Laboratories Glove Juice Sampling Procedure for ASTM E1174 E1115 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/eU6EkstmwI4

     

    (BioScience Laboratories, 2009)

    Audio podcast

    Johns Hopkins Medicine. (Producer). (n.d.). New medical school curriculum [Audio podcast]. Retrieved August 9, 2010, from http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/armstrongbuilding/audio_files/curriculumpodfinal.mp3

     

    (Johns Hopkins Medicine, n.d.)

    Electronic book, 1 author, retrieved from library database

    Didion, J. (2005). Year of magical thinking.  Retrieved from ebrary database.

     

    (Didion, 2005)

    Electronic book, 1 author, retrieved from web

    Pollan, M. (2006). The omnivore's dilemma: A natural history of four meals. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=Qh7dkdVsbDkC&lpg=PP1&dq=subject%3A%22Health%20%26%20Fitness%22&as_brr=3&pg=PP1#v=onepage&q&f=false

    (Pollan, 2007)

    Electronic book, 1 author, retrieved from e-book reader

    Oshinsky, D. M. (2005). Polio: An American story [Kindle edition]. Retrieved from Amazon.com

    
    
    (Oshinsky, 2005)

    Electronic Book:
    2 authors, retrieved from library database

    Kreiman, J., & Van Lancker Sidtis, D. (2011). Foundations of Voice Studies: An Interdisciplinary approach to Voice Production and Perception. Retrieved from ebrary database.

    (Kreiman & Van Lancker Sidtis, 2011)

    Electronic Book: Editor, Translator, or Compiler (instead of author)

    Mezey, M. D., Cassel, C. K., Bottrell, M. M., Hyer, K., Howe, J. L., & Fulmer, T. T. (Eds.). (2002). Ethical patient care: A casebook for geriatric health care teams. Retrieved from ebrary database.

    (Mezey, Cassel, Bottrell, Hyer, Howe, & Fulmer, 2002) first citation

    (Mezey et al., 2002) subsequent citations

    Electronic Book: Chapter, Introduction, Preface, Foreword, Afterword, Encyclopedia Entry

    Brown, H. L. (2007). Gynecology and Obstetrics: Drugs in pregnancy. In R. S. Porter & J. L. Kaplan (Eds.), The Merck manual online. Retrieved from The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library database.

     

    (Brown, 2007)

    Online Encyclopedia with byline (Nursing Reference Center)

    March, P. D., & Caple, C. (2011). Spiritual needs of hospitalized patients. Retrieved November 11, 2011, from http://web.ebscohost.com/nrc/detail?sid=85849bd9-bbcc-4d9b-a1bd-076663a91acf%40sessionmgr10&vid=5&hid=15&bdata=JnNpdGU9bnJjLWxpdmU%3d#db=nrc&AN=5000000657

    (March & Caple, 2011)

    Online Encyclopedia

    (if entry has no byline, place title in author position)

    Osteoporosis in Women (2010). In Clin-eguide Patient Handouts. Retrieved December 6, 2010, from http://ezproxy.library.nyu.edu:24638/clinicalresource/re/patientHandouts?tms=1291674022166

    (Osteoporosis in Women, 2010)

    Electronic Journal Article, 1 Author, DOI assigned

    Bear-Lehman, J. (2002). A word about qualitative research. Journal of Hand Therapy, 15(1), 85-86. doi:10.1053/hanthe.2002.v15.01585

     

     

    (Bear-Lehman, 2002)

    Electronic Journal Article, 1 Author, without DOI assigned

    Fulmer, T. (2007). How to try this: Fulmer SPICES. AJN, American Journal of Nursing 107(10), 40-48. Retrieved from http://www.nursingcenter.com/pdf.asp?AID=743877

     

    (Fulmer, 2007)

    Electronic Journal 1-2 authors, DOI assigned

    Ellis, E. L., & Whatley, K. M. (2008). The evolution of critical thinking skills in library instruction, 1986-2006: A selected and annotated bibliography and review of selected programs. College & Undergraduate Libraries, 15(1/2), 5-20. doi:10.1080/10691310802176665

     

    (Ellis & Whatley, 2008)

    Electronic Journal Article, 1-2 Authors, without DOI assigned

    Dobal, M. T., & Torkelson, D. J. (2004). Making decisions about sexual rights in psychiatric facilities. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 18(2), 68-74. Retrieved from http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S088394170400022

     

    (Dobal & Torkelson, 2004)

    Electronic Popular Magazine Article, retrieved from library database

    Hertzberg, H. (2008, December). Eight is enough. The New Yorker, 84(39), 27. Retrieved from ProQuest Research Library database.

     

    (Hertzberg, 2008)

    Electronic Newspaper Article, 1 author, retrieved from library database

    Brody, J. (2008, December 16). Query for aging patients: How much do you drink? The New York Times, p. D7. Retrieved from ProQuest Banking Information Source database.

     

    (Brody, 2008)

    Newspaper Article, retrieved from the web

    Brody, J. (2008, December 16). Query for aging patients: How much do you drink? The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

     

    (Brody, 2008)

    Electronic Newspaper Article, no author, retrieved from library database

    Editorial: Getting the bed bugs out. [Editorial]. (2009, January 14). The New York Times, p. A32. Retrieved from ProQuest Banking Information Source database.

     

    ("Getting the bed bugs out," 2009)

    Thesis retrieved from library database

    Krainovich-Miller, B. (1988). Clinical validation of the nursing diagnosis of preoperative state anxiety (Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University Teachers College). Retrieved from Proquest Dissertations & Theses database. (Order No. 8824404)

     

    (Krainovich-Miller, 1988)

    Data set

    Pew Hispanic Center. (2008). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Available from Pew Hispanic Center Web site: http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/

    [use "Available from" to indicate that the URL will lead users to a download site rather than directly to the data.]

    (Pew Hispanic Center, 2008)

    Graphic representation of data

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2005). [Interactive map showing percentage of respondents reporting "no" to, During the past month, did you participate in any physical activities?]. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Retrieved from http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/gisbrfss/default.aspx

    (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005)

        
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